• Our Blog

Our courses offer a good compromise between the continuous assessment favoured by some universities and the emphasis placed on final exams by others.

Diverse Types of Banking Accounts in India - Discover Varieties, Attributes & Advantages


In the realm of Indian banking, there exists a spectrum of distinct bank accounts catering to diverse needs of individuals within both public and private banking establishments. The provisioning of bank accounts stands as a pivotal facet in the realm of the financial sector. The subject of Various Types of Bank Accounts in India occupies a significant position within the financial and general banking awareness curricula for numerous competitive examinations. In this discourse, we shall delve into the panorama of assorted bank accounts that permeate virtually all categories of banks across the nation.

At the core, a bank assumes the role of stewarding a fiscal account on behalf of a customer, a construct known as a bank account. Such an account embodies the wealth entrusted to a bank or financial institution by a customer, and these patrons are accorded the privilege of making withdrawals in accordance with their exigencies. Transactions of a fiscal nature transpiring within a bank account over a specified period are reported to the customer through a bank statement. This compilation encapsulates the financial stance of the customer vis-à-vis the institution at any juncture.

Enumeration of Varied Types of Bank Accounts

In yesteryears, the Indian banking landscape was characterized by a quartet of bank account categories, namely Current, Savings, Fixed Deposit, and Recurring Deposit Accounts. Yet, the dynamic progressions in the banking sphere ushered in new genres of bank accounts. These novel accounts bear the nomenclatures DEMAT and NRI Account. Consequently, the gamut of bank accounts currently operative within the contours of public and private sector banks in India encompasses:

Savings Account

This repository for fiscal prudence can be initiated either by an individual or through a joint initiative involving two individuals, with the primary objective of cultivating savings.

The principal perk of inaugurating a savings bank account manifests in the remuneration of an interest sum to the customer, thereby incentivizing such an undertaking.

Salient Features of a Savings Bank Account:

 No confines to the frequency of monetary deposits; however, constraints on the frequency of withdrawals persist. The interest rate varies within the bandwidth of 4% to 6% per annum. Omission of stipulated minimum balance upkeep. Provision of internet banking services. Allocation of an ATM/Debit/Rupay Card to account holders. Subdivisions of the savings bank account encompass Basic Savings Bank Deposit (BSBDA) and Basic Savings Bank Deposit Accounts Small (BSBDS). This account format finds suitability for an array of demographics: students, professionals, homemakers, pensioners, etc.

Current Account

 Positioned as the second archetype, the Current Account diverges from the trajectory of savings. It is a preserve reserved for merchants whose interactions with the banking milieu are predominantly transactional.

Noteworthy Attributes of a Current Account:

Apart from business entities, current bank accounts are activated by collectives, corporations, institutions, religious bodies, etc. Absence of restrictions on the quantum of deposits or withdrawals by current account holders. Incorporation of internet banking features. The absence of fixed maturity periods. Endowment of overdraft facilities. Non-allotment of interest for current bank accounts.

Fixed Deposit Account

A Fixed Deposit (FD) account

constitutes the third strand within this eclectic tapestry, wherein patrons can orchestrate their financial involvement with any public or private sector bank. This variant proffers investors an elevated interest rate relative to conventional savings accounts, maturing upon a predetermined date. It mandates the creation of an isolated account entity.

Inherent Traits of a Fixed Deposit Account:

 Constitutes a singular deposit, embodying an approach of deposit and withdrawal in one instance. Mandatory deposit of a fixed quantum of funds spanning a stipulated period. Withdrawal viability confined to a solitary occasion, deviating from the pliability of periodic requirements. Apportionment of a specific interest quantum to the fixed deposit account. Interest rate fluctuations correlate with the deposited sum and the temporal expanse of the deposit. The bank bears the responsibility to facilitate full refund ahead of the maturity date.

Recurring Deposit Account

The Recurring Deposit (RD) account constitutes the fourth category in this mosaic, mandating account holders to consistently infuse a fixed quantum of currency every month until the predetermined maturity date is attained. This account format materializes as an investment tool, inculcating regular deposits to yield moderate returns.

Characteristic Features of a Recurring Deposit Account:

 Inherently structured around regular deposits and interest facets, bolstering the flexible investment dimension. Access to RD accounts extends to both individuals and institutions, whether in tandem or in isolation. Routine monthly deposits could span anywhere from INR 50, with the upper threshold being contingent on varying bank policies. Account activation is conceivable over durations extending from 6 to 120 months. Interest rate discrepancies are evident across diverse banks. Facilitation of nomination provisions. Account holders are provided with passbooks for periodic account overviews. Premature withdrawal could trigger a penalty deduction.

DEMAT Account

The DEMAT Account encapsulates the realm of electronically dematerialized shares and securities. This nomenclature stems from the concept of Dematerialization Accounts. Oversight over such accounts is vested in two depository institutions: the National Securities Depository Limited and the Central Depository Services Limited.

Intricacies of a DEMAT Account:

Fosters seamless trading of shares and securities. Simplifies the execution of stress-free share transactions. Commencement of a DEMAT Account entails adherence to the Know Your Customer (KYC) procedures. Transaction costs are mitigated. Traders are bestowed with geographical liberty. Security transfers necessitate limited paperwork.

NRI Account

 Both public and private sector banks extend the NRI Account option to fulfill the banking requisites of non-resident Indians (NRIs) or individuals of Indian origin dwelling abroad. This account variant facilitates cross-border fund transfers to India, safeguarding these funds in Indian currency.

Salient Aspects of an NRI Account:

Liberation for unhindered repatriation of funds. Facilitation of facile investment in Indian financial instruments, including Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), Foreign Portfolio Investment (FPI), and Foreign Institutional Investment (FII).

Diversity within NRI Accounts:

Non Resident Ordinary Rupees (NRO) Account: Paves the way for untroubled repatriation of foreign earnings into India. This account can don the mantle of Savings/Current/FD/RD format. NRO accounts cater to either individuals or groups. Non Resident External Rupees (NRE) Account: Transpires when an Indian national relocates abroad for employment, prompting the transformation of their existing accounts into NREs. Joint accounts with an Indian resident are viable. Foreign Currency Non Resident (FCNR) Account: Tailored to administer international currencies, this account materializes solely as a Term deposit and is accessible post-maturity.

Senior Citizens’ Account

Government mandates designate individuals aged above 60 as senior citizens. The Senior Citizens’ accounts mirror the contours of conventional savings accounts, differentiated by a benefit of interest ranging between 0.25% to 0.50% p.a., as periodically determined by the respective banks.

Inclusions in Senior Citizens’ Accounts:

 Operational as joint accounts with the senior citizen's name occupying the primary slot to avail the associated privileges. Eligibility for this scheme is confined to resident senior citizens of India.

Salary Account

The salary account, a distinct classification, streamlines the unimpeded transfer of monthly remunerations

AIAT Institute is the Best Tally Prime Training in Nagpur. Here We Provide Detail Knowledge of Tally ERP 9, Tally Prime, GST, Accounting, TDS, TCS, and Payroll & Provide 100% JOB Placement. AIAT is the Best Platform for those who want to make Career in Accounting. Visit www.aiatindia for More Details or You can Call on 960412100.      


AIAT Institute

Address: AIAT Institute, 15 Bhande Plot Umred Road Nagpur.

Phone: 9604121000

Website: www.aiatindia.com


1.What is the primary purpose of a savings bank account?

A) Business transactions

B) Investment in shares

C) Cultivating savings

D) Foreign currency exchange

Ans: C) Cultivating savings

2. Which type of bank account is specifically suitable for regular monthly deposits to yield moderate returns?

A) Savings Account

B) Fixed Deposit Account

 C) Current Account

D) Recurring Deposit Account

Ans: D) Recurring Deposit Account

3. What is the key characteristic of a DEMAT Account?

 A) Facilitates cross-border fund transfers

 B) Yields elevated interest rates

C) Involves regular monthly deposits

 D) Holds electronically dematerialized shares and securities

Ans: D) Holds electronically dematerialized shares and securities

4. What is the primary purpose of a NRI Account?

A) Facilitating easy foreign currency exchange

B) Catering to senior citizens' financial needs

C) Fulfilling the banking requisites of non-resident Indians

D) Offering specialized business transactions

Ans: C) Fulfilling the banking requisites of non-resident Indians

5. Which account category is generally utilized for transactions by merchants and business entities?

A) Savings Account

B) Fixed Deposit Account

C) Current Account

D) Recurring Deposit Account

Ans: C) Current Account

6. Which type of account is designed to offer elevated interest rates but requires a fixed deposit for a specified period?

A) Savings Account

B) Fixed Deposit Account

C) Current Account

D) Recurring Deposit Account

Ans: B) Fixed Deposit Account

7. What is the distinctive feature of a Senior Citizens’ Account?

A) Provides access to international trading

B) Offers special interest rates for foreign nationals

C) Tailored for foreign currency deposits

D) Offers a benefit of higher interest for senior citizens

Ans: D) Offers a benefit of higher interest for senior citizens

8. What is the purpose of a Salary Account?

A) Regular monthly deposits

B) Cultivating savings

C) Facilitating cross-border fund transfers

D) Unimpeded transfer of monthly remunerations

Ans: D) Unimpeded transfer of monthly remunerations

9. Which entities are primarily eligible to open a Current Account?

A) Business entities, corporations, institutions, religious bodies

B) Individuals looking to cultivate savings

C) Senior citizens above 60

D) Non-resident Indians (NRIs)

Ans: A) Business entities, corporations, institutions, religious bodies

10. Which institution is responsible for overseeing DEMAT Accounts in India?

A) National Securities Depository Limited

B) Central Depository Services Limited

C) Reserve Bank of India (RBI)

D) Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI)

Ans: A) National Securities Depository Limited





Previous Next