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There are various deductions a taxpayer can claim from his/her total income to bring down taxable income and thereby reduce the tax outgo. In this article, let us discuss some of the important deductions under Section 80C a taxpayer can claim.
1. Section 80C
Deductions on Investments
You can claim a deduction of Rs 1.5 lakh your total income under section 80C. In simple terms, you can reduce up to Rs 1,50,000 from your total taxable income, and it is available for individuals and HUFs.
filing your Income Tax Return. The Income Tax Department will refund the excess money to your bank account.
Deduction for Premium Paid for Annuity Plan of LIC or Other Insurer
Section 80CCC provides a deduction to an individual for any amount paid or deposited in any annuity plan of LIC or any other insurer. The plan must be for receiving a pension from a fund referred to in Section 10(23AAB). Pension received from the annuity or amount received upon surrender of the annuity, including interest or bonus accrued on the annuity, is taxable in the year of receipt.
3. Section 80CCD – Pension Contribution
Deduction for Contribution to Pension Account
a. Employee’s contribution under Section 80CCD (1)
You can claim this if you deposit in your pension account. Maximum deduction you can avail is 10% of salary (in case the taxpayer is an employee) or 20% of gross total income (in case the taxpayer being self-employed) or Rs 1.5 lakh – whichever is less.
Until FY 2016-17, maximum deduction allowed was 10% of gross total income for self-employed individuals.
b. Deduction for self-contribution to NPS – section 80CCD (1B) A new section 80CCD (1B) has been introduced for an additional deduction of up to Rs 50,000 for the amount deposited by a taxpayer to their NPS account. Contributions to Atal Pension Yojana are also eligible.
c. Employer’s contribution to NPS – Section 80CCD (2) Claim additional deduction on your contribution to employee’s pension account for up to 10% of your salary. There is no monetary ceiling on this deduction.
4. Section 80 TTA – Interest on Savings Account
Deduction from Gross Total Income for Interest on Savings Bank Account
If you are an individual or an HUF, you may claim a deduction of maximum Rs 10,000 against interest income from your savings account with a bank, co-operative society, or post office. Do include the interest from savings bank account in other income.
Section 80TTA deduction is not available on interest income from fixed deposits, recurring deposits, or interest income from corporate bonds.
5. Section 80GG – House Rent Paid
Deduction for House Rent Paid Where HRA is not Received
Deduction available is the least of the following:
Adjusted Gross Total Income is arrived at after adjusting the Gross Total Income for certain deductions, exempt income, long-term capital gains and income related to non-residents and foreign companies.
6. Section 80E – Interest on Education Loan
Deduction for Interest on Education Loan for Higher Studies
A deduction is allowed to an individual for interest on loans taken for pursuing higher education. This loan may have been taken for the taxpayer, spouse or children or for a student for whom the taxpayer is a legal guardian.
80E deduction is available for a maximum of 8 years (beginning the year in which the interest starts getting repaid) or till the entire interest is repaid, whichever is earlier. There is no restriction on the amount that can be claimed.
7. Section 80EE – Interset on Home Loan
Deductions on Home Loan Interest for First Time Home Owners
FY 2017-18 and FY 2016-17 This deduction is available in FY 2017-18 if the loan has been taken in FY 2016-17. The deduction under section 80EE is available only to home-owners (individuals) having only one house property on the date of sanction of the loan. The value of the property must be less than Rs 50 lakh and the home loan must be less than Rs 35 lakh. The loan taken from a financial institution must have been sanctioned between 1 April 2016 and 31 March 2017. There is an additional deduction of Rs 50,000 available on your home loan interest on top of deduction of Rs 2 lakh (on interest component of home loan EMI) allowed under section 24.
FY 2013-14 and FY 2014-15 During these financial years, the deduction available under this section was first-time house worth Rs 40 lakh or less. You can avail this only when your loan amount during this period is Rs 25 lakh or less. The loan must be sanctioned between 1 April 2013 and 31 March 2014. The aggregate deduction allowed under this section cannot exceed Rs 1 lakh and is allowed for FY 2013-14 and FY 2014-15.
8. Section 80CCG – RGESS
Rajiv Gandhi Equity Saving Scheme (RGESS)
The deduction under this section 80CCG is available to a resident individual, whose gross total income is less than Rs.12 lakh. To avail the benefits under this section the following conditions should be met:
Upon fulfillment of the above conditions, a deduction, which is lower of the following is allowed.
50% of the amount invested in equity shares; or
Rs 25,000 for three consecutive Assessment Years.
Rajiv Gandhi Equity Scheme has been discontinued starting from 1 April 2017. Therefore, no deduction under section 80CCG will be allowed from FY 2017-18. However, if you have invested in the RGESS scheme in FY 2016-17, then you can claim deduction under Section 80CCG until FY 2018-19.
9. Section 80D – Medical Insurance
Deduction for the premium paid for Medical Insurance
You (as an individual or HUF) can claim a deduction of Rs.25,000 under section 80D on insurance for self, spouse and dependent children. An additional deduction for insurance of parents is available up to Rs 25,000, if they are less than 60 years of age. If the parents are aged above 60, the deduction amount is Rs 50,000, which has been increased in Budget 2018 from Rs 30,000.
In case, both taxpayer and parent(s) are 60 years or above, the maximum deduction available under this section is up to Rs.1 lakh.
Example: Rohan’s age is 65 and his father’s age is 90. In this case, the maximum deduction Rohan can claim under section 80D is Rs. 100,000. From FY 2015-16 a cumulative additional deduction of Rs. 5,000 is allowed for preventive health check.
10. Section 80DD – Disabled Dependent
Deduction for Rehabilitation of Handicapped Dependent Relative
Section 80DD deduction is available to a resident individual or a HUF and is available on:
a. Expenditure incurred on medical treatment (including nursing), training and rehabilitation of handicapped dependent relative
b. Payment or deposit to specified scheme for maintenance of handicapped dependent relative.
i. Where disability is 40% or more but less than 80% – fixed deduction of Rs 75,000.
ii. Where there is severe disability (disability is 80% or more) – fixed deduction of Rs 1,25,000.
To claim this deduction a certificate of disability is required from prescribed medical authority. From FY 2015-16 – The deduction limit of Rs 50,000 has been raised to Rs 75,000 and Rs 1,00,000 has been raised to Rs 1,25,000.
11. Section 80DDB – Medical Expenditure
Deduction for Medical Expenditure on Self or Dependent Relative
a. For individuals and HUFs below age 60
A deduction up to Rs.40,000 is available to a resident individual or a HUF. It is available with respect to any expense incurred towards treatment of specified medical diseases or ailments for himself or any of his dependents. For an HUF, such a deduction is available with respect to medical expenses incurred towards these prescribed ailments for any of the HUF members.
b. For senior citizens and super senior citizens
In case the individual on behalf of whom such expenses are incurred is a senior citizen, the individual or HUF taxpayer can claim a deduction up to Rs 1 lakh. Until FY 2017-18, the deduction that could be claimed for a senior citizen and a super senior citizen was Rs 60,000 and Rs 80,000 respectively. This has now become a common deduction available upto Rs 1 lakh for all senior citizens (including super senior citizens) unlike earlier.
c. For reimbursement claims
Any reimbursement of medical expenses by an insurer or employer shall be reduced from the quantum of deduction the taxpayer can claim under this section.
Also remember that you need to get a prescription for such medical treatment from the concerned specialist in order to claim such deduction. Read our detailed article on Section 80DDB.
12. Section 80U – Physical Disability
Deduction for Person suffering from Physical Disability
A deduction of Rs.75,000 is available to a resident individual who suffers from a physical disability (including blindness) or mental retardation. In case of severe disability, one can claim a deduction of Rs 1,25,000.
From FY 2015-16 – Section 80U deduction limit of Rs 50,000 has been raised to Rs 75,000 and Rs 1,00,000 has been raised to Rs 1,25,000.
13. Section 80G – Donations
Deduction for donations towards Social Causes
The various donations specified in u/s 80G are eligible for deduction up to either 100% or 50% with or without restriction. From FY 2017-18 any donations made in cash exceeding Rs 2,000 will not be allowed as deduction. The donations above Rs 2000 should be made in any mode other than cash to qualify for 80G deduction.