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All You Need to Know about GST


GST is the new indirect tax system in India. GST was first introduced in India on July 1, 2017. It is a single tax on the supply of goods and services, from the manufacturer to the consumer.

GST is levied at every stage of the supply chain, with credits available for the tax paid at each stage. This ensures that the final consumer bears the burden of only the GST on the value addition at each stage.

In This article will discuss different types of GST and their respective rates in India.

Overview of Goods and Services Tax (GST) in India

Goods and Services Tax or GST is an indirect tax levied on the supply of goods and services in India. The tax is levied at every stage of the supply chain, from the manufacturer to the final consumer.

The central government introduced GST in India on July 1, 2017, as a replacement for all the indirect taxes that were being levied previously. The idea behind GST was to create a uniform tax system in India that would make doing business easier and more efficient.

Under GST, there are five slabs of tax rates: 0%, 5%, 12%, 18% and 28%. These rates apply to both goods and services. There are certain goods and services that are exempt from GST, and there are also certain items that have been placed in the highest slab of tax.

What Are the Various Types of GST?

There are four types of GST: Central GST, State GST, Integrated GST, and Union Territory GST. CGST will be levied by the Central government, SGST will be levied by the State governments, and IGST will be levied by the Central government on inter-State supply of goods and services. UTGST will be levied by the Union Territories.

The rate of CGST will be 10%, while the rates of SGST and IGST will be 10% each. The rate of UTGST will be 9%.

What Are the GST Rates for Different Goods and Services?

The GST Council, which is formed by the Central and State governments, decides on the tax rates for different goods and services. There are five tax slabs for goods and services- 0%, 5%, 12%, 18%, and 28%.

As of now, there is no GST on items like fresh fruits, vegetables, milk, grains, and eggs. The highest tax slab of 28% is applicable on luxury items like cars, tobacco products, and aerated drinks. The lowest tax slab of 5% is applicable on items like processed food items, packaged Drinking water and hotel tariffs.

The GST rates are likely to be revised from time to time, depending upon the need of the government.

Who Is Required to Register for GST in India?

At this point, you might be wondering who needs to register for GST in India. As per the new tax reforms, taxpayers with a turnover of more than 40 Lakh rupees per annum are required to register for GST.

This rule is applicable to all taxpayers in India, including those making inter-state or intra-state supplies, as well as taxpayers supplying goods or services online across the country. But don't worry if your turnover falls below the threshold you can still opt for voluntary registration if you want the added benefits that come with it.

When it comes to foreign companies and suppliers, they can register to avail of input tax credit (ITC) but are not subject to any turnovers. Though if they don’t comply with certain conditions of taxation as mentioned in the law, it might lead to the cancelation of their GST registration at a later stage due to violations.

What Are the Different Types of GST Returns?

The different types of GST returns are:

- GSTR-1: The GSTR-1 return is a monthly return and is filed by the supplier of goods and services in India. It contains information about sales made and GST that is due for each month.

- GSTR-2A: This return is a monthly auto-populated return containing customer details. It is auto-populated based on data sent in the GSTR- 1 of the supplier’s customers.

- GSTR 2: This return reconciles the customer's input tax credit (ITC) with the supplier's GST liability. It also contains information about purchases made by the taxpayer, including any credits or refunds received from suppliers.

- GSTR 3B: This is a simplified return that must be filed monthly by taxpayers with an annual turnover of more than ₹1 crore (or equivalent in foreign currency). It includes details on taxable sales, input tax credit, output tax liability, and paid taxes for the month.

It is important to note that different businesses may have to file additional forms depending on their business operations, such as an Import/Export Form or Supplier's Statement Form for businesses dealing with imports or exports respectively.

Best Practices for GST Compliance in Your Business

Once you've registered for GST, it's important to understand that being compliant goes beyond completing your GST returns in a timely manner. To ensure complete compliance with the rules, here are some best practices you can implement in your business:

- Ensure the accuracy of GST invoices and returns - Make sure all GST-related information is accurate and up-to-date, including all tax invoice details (date, amount, etc). Errors and inaccuracies can lead to costly penalties.

- Keep records of all documents related to your business transactions - Maintain proper records of all business transactions and documents like receipts, bank statements, invoices, etc., as they will be needed for filing GST returns.

- Stay updated with changes in GST-related laws - The Indian government keeps introducing changes in the Goods and Services Tax laws from time to time. It's important for business owners to stay abreast of these changes and update their systems accordingly.

By following these practices diligently, you can ensure that your business remains compliant with the Goods and Services Tax regulations.


We hope this article has been helpful in giving you a broad understanding of the different types of GST and their respective rates. Remember that GST is a complex tax and it is advisable to get professional help in order to be compliant. If you are looking for GST training in Nagpur, reach out to us and we will be happy to help.




1. GST Stands For

A. Goods and Supply Tax

B. Government Sales Tax

C. Goods and Services Tax

D. General Sales Tax

Answer. C. Goods and Services Tax

2. In India GST became effective From

A. 1st April, 2017

B. 1st January, 2017

C. 1st July, 2017

D. 1st March, 2017

Answer. C. 1st July, 2017

3. Indian GST model has...rate structure

A. 3

B. 4

C. 2

D. 6

Answer. B. 4

4. Which of the following is an Indirect Tax in India

A. Goods & Service Tax

B. Corporation tax

C. Income Tax

D. Capital gain tax

Answer. A. Goods & Service Tax

5. Can a person apply for registration without PAN



C. May be

D. None of above

Answer. B. NO



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